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Popular Courses

  Common Eye Conditions 327 users

We cannot ignore the importance of our eyes. Our eyes are constantly exposed to direct sunlight and people usually overwork their eyes without even realizing it. As a result, many eye problems can occur. The list is endless but there are some precautionary steps that can be taken to prevent common eye problems. This course gives you an overview of the common diseases,their causes, symptoms, diagnoses and treatments, and is a valuable foundation for your professional knowledge.

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  Visual Acuity Test 188 users

Visual Acuity examination is an important part of the patient's diagnostics.This session explores aspects of the examination room, analysis procedures and required materials.

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  February Online Test 181 users
  May Online Test 181 users
  January Online Test 180 users
  Instillation of Eye Drops 139 users

Drugs play an important role in medical practices. In an eye hospital, the ocular drugs are used to test eye functions, to perform special examinations and to treat diseases. The ocular drugs may be in a solution, suspension or in ointment form. As a part of their duty the ophthalmic assistant should follow the doctorís prescription for administering the ocular drugs. This session mainly deals about administering eye drops. The ophthalmic assistant will be able to familiarize the names of the drugs, the steps involved in administering the eye drops and demonstrate the procedure without any error.

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  Introduction to Low Vision 129 users

Low vision is a visual impairment, not correctable by standard glasses, contact lenses, medicine, or surgery, that interferes with a person's ability to perform everyday activities. Low vision can result from a variety of diseases, disorders, and injuries that affect the eye. Many people with low vision have age-related macular degeneration, cataract, glaucoma, or diabetic retinopathy. Age-related macular degeneration accounts for almost 45 percent of all cases of low vision. About 135 million people around the world have low vision.

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  Anatomy and Physiology of the Cardiovascular System 125 users

The cardiovascular system includes the heart and the blood vessels. The heart pumps blood, and the blood vessels channel and deliver it throughout the body. Arteries carry blood filled with nutrients away from the heart to all parts of the body.The cardiovascular system carries oxygen and nutrients to all of the cells in the body. It also picks up carbon dioxide and other waste products that the body produces so that they can be disposed of. The main components of this system are the heart, blood vessels, and blood. When a problem arises within the system, it is known as a cardiovascular disease.

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  Introduction to Cataract 121 users

A cataract is a clouding of the eye's natural lens, which lies behind the iris and the pupil. The lens works much like a camera lens, focusing light onto the retina at the back of the eye. The lens also adjusts the eye's focus, letting us see things clearly both up close and far away. But as we age, some of the protein may clump together and start to cloud a small area of the lens. This is a cataract, and over time, it may grow larger and cloud more of the lens, making it harder to see. Cataract is responsible for 50% of the blindness in the world,and is a major issue for any provider of eye care services.This course helps you to understand the condition and how it can be treated.

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  Anatomy & Physiology of the Extra Ocular Muscles 111 users

Any ophthalmic personnel should have the basic knowledge of the ocular muscle movements and the diseases that is connect with the muscle abnormalities. The session is made precise with activities for the trainees to understand the extra ocular muscles and the various gaze position. It is also important to note the cranial nerves that innervates the muscles to be active. This session will help the ophthalmic assistant to learn the terms for each gaze.

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  Introduction to Diabetic Retinopathy 104 users

Diabetic retinopathy is the most common diabetic eye disease and a leading cause of blindness in adults. It is caused by changes in the blood vessels of the retina.In some people with diabetic retinopathy, blood vessels may swell and leak fluid. In other people, abnormal new blood vessels grow on the surface of the retina. The retina is the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. A healthy retina is necessary for good vision. If you have diabetic retinopathy, at first you may not notice changes to your vision. But over time, diabetic retinopathy can get worse and cause vision loss. Diabetic retinopathy usually affects both eyes.

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  Introduction to Amblyopia 96 users

Amblyopia is an eye problem that causes poor vision in children. The problem starts when the pathways of vision in the brain don't develop, or grow, strong enough. Pathways are a little like roads--they carry vision messages from eye to brain. Amblyopia is also called "lazy eye."Lazy eye is also known as Amblyopia. Lazy eye is an early childhood condition where a child's eyesight in one eye does not develop as it should. The problem is usually in just one eye, but can sometimes affect both of them.The term lazy eye is inaccurate, because the eye is not lazy. In fact, it would probably be more accurate to say lazy brain, because it is a developmental problem in the brain, not an organic problem in the eye.

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  Ward Service - Pre-Operative Instructions 92 users

If you were having surgery, would not you want someone to prepare you emotionally as well as physically?

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  July Online Test 91 users
  March Online Test 91 users
  November Online Test 91 users
  April Online Test 90 users
  June Online Test 90 users
  Introduction to Glaucoma 87 users

Glaucoma is a group of diseases that can damage the eye's optic nerve and result in vision loss and blindness. It is one of the main causes of blindness.However, with early treatment, you can often protect your eyes against serious vision loss. Therefore it is very important that it be diagnosed. There is no cure for glaucoma yet. However, medication or surgery can slow or prevent further vision loss. The appropriate treatment depends upon the type of glaucoma among other factors. Early detection is vital to stopping the progress of the disease. Glaucoma is sometimes called the silent thief of sight.Knowing the risk factors, diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma is important for every eye care professional.

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  Retinoscopy 85 users

Retinoscopy is an objective method of measuring the optical power.

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  Orientation to General Counselling 81 users

This session provides basic and general information about the counselling system.

By the end of this session, you should be able to:

  • Explain what counselling is
  • Explain the role of the counsellorList the qualities of a counsellor
  • Explain the importance of counselling
  • Give examples of how to use analogies in counselling
  • Set up a counselling room
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  Refractive Surgery - LASIK 81 users

Lasik eye surgery is the most common procedure, mainly done due to the quick and painless recovery procedure. Lasek may be advisable in certain situations. Laser eye treatment is a life changing procedure whether you have lasik or lasek. Although there are laser eye surgery risks which you need to fully understand the chance of being able to rid yourself of glasses or contact lenses is a realistic possibility.

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  Evaluation of Lacrimal Duct Patency 81 users

Lacrimal syringing is a regular procedure in outpatient department especially for the patient who are advised for cataract surgery. An ophthalmic assistant must be familiar with the purpose of performing this procedure and adapt the correct methods doing procedure without causing pain and suffering in a patient. The assistant should be able to assess the patient and efficiency of the lacrimal drainage system. They must be able to dilate the lacrimal punctum and probe the canaliculi safely without pain.
They should adapt the sterile technique while performing the procedure. They should know the method of documenting the findings. This lesson plan will teach the trainee on the lacrimal duct patency assessment.

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  Introduction to Refractive Errors 77 users

A refractive error is a very common eye disorder. It occurs when the eye cannot clearly focus the images from the outside world. The result of refractive errors is blurred vision, which is sometimes so severe that it causes visual impairment. The three most common refractive errors are: myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism. A fourth condition is presbyopia, which leads to difficulty in reading or seeing at arm's length. It differs from the other disorders in that it is linked to ageing and occurs almost universally. Refractive errors cannot be prevented, but they can be diagnosed by an eye examination and treated with corrective glasses, contact lenses or refractive surgery.

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  Anatomy & Physiology of the Eye 73 users

The anatomy and physiology of the human eye is an important part of many courses. However for an ophthalmic assistant this is the main subject that should be taught in detail because, they are responsible for conducting vision tests, maintaining equipments, profile or obtain patient history, complete the particular tests, requested by the doctor, work with the patient as needed and provide assistance during eye surgeries.

As any employer want assurance of hiring skilled professionals to join their team. It is essential and important that any ophthalmic assistant should have best knowledge of the ocular system and how they work.

This session will teach you the overall anatomy of the eye and the assessment set will help you to test yourself on the subject.

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  Anatomy and Physiology of the Eye 70 users

Eye is one of the important parts of human body. Ophthalmic personnel must know about the internal and external parts of eye and its functions before performing basic eye examination. This session will provide you knowledge about the anatomy and physiology of the Eye

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  Anatomy and Physiology of Cornea 69 users

Cornea is our eyeís clear, protective outer layer. Along with the sclera, it serves as a barrier against dirt, germs, and other things that can cause damage. It plays a key role in vision. If the cornea gets damaged by disease, infection or an injury, the resulting scars can affect vision. So, every ophthalmic paramedic should know the structure and function of Cornea. This session will deal with all the basic anatomy and physiology of the cornea.

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  Basics of Instrument Maintenance in Eye Care 68 users

The rationale behind publishing sessions on "Instruments Maintenance" will be explained in this session which will allow you to know how important Instruments and Equipments Maintenance is.

By the end of this session, the participant should be able to:

  • Explain the reason why instrument and equipment related to eye care should be kept in good working conditions
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  Anterior Segment Examination using Torch Light 68 users

Torch light exam helps in evaluating anterior segment of the eye structures such as external eye, pupil size, extra ocular movements, eyelid and eyelashes etc. †A complete examination of the anterior segment using torch light will help the doctor to diagnose and start the relevant treatment quickly. Therefore an Ophthalmic paramedic should be able to identify the anterior segment diseases using a torch light.

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  An Overview to Aravind Eye Care System 67 users

"Aravind Eye Care System" (AECS) is known for "High quality and High volume". As everybody is interested to hear about how Aravind grows from 11 bedded hospitals to 1000 bedded facility without compromising the quality. This session will allow you to know the core concepts and values behind it. If you have any query in this regard, you can post your comment in the forum.

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  Basics of Financial Management 64 users

This series of chapters on Introduction to Financial Management highlights the objectives of financial management and introduces concepts and techniques that can be used as tools in decision making and strategic planning. It emphasizes the significance of understanding financial statements and using the same for monitoring performance. It highlights the important Ratios which can be used to analyze the financial performance and Budgeting as a technique to control costs. It also introduces the concepts of Breakeven analysis which shows the relationship between Cost, Volume and Price and lastly Capital Budgeting methods.

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  General Pharmacology 64 users

Pharmacology is the study of drug, its effects and action. Any ophthalmic personnel should be able to choose the right drug, administer at right time in right dosage on the correct patient. Each drug has generic name and chemical name. This session will provide knowledge about chemical & generic name, classification of drugs and administering rules.

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  Introduction to Colour Blindness 60 users

Color blindness or color vision deficiency is the decreased ability to perceive differences between some of the colors that others can distinguish. It is most often of genetic nature, but may also occur because of some eye, nerve, or brain damage, or exposure to certain chemicals.Color blindness means you have trouble seeing red, green, or blue or a mix of these colors. It is rare that a person sees no color at all. Color blindness is also called a color vision problem. A color vision problem can change your life. It makes it harder to learn and read, and you may not be able to have certain careers. But children and adults with color vision problems can learn to make up for their problems seeing color.

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  Hand Hygiene 60 users

Hands are the main pathways of germ transmission in health care. Germs can cause illness such as colds, flu etc. The medical personnel are the main carriers of infection. Hand Hygiene therefore the most important measure to avoid the transmission of harmful germs and prevent nosocomial infections. This session will deal with all the necessary information and steps on maintaining hand hygiene.

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  Objective Refraction using Streak Retinoscopy 58 users

The objective refraction depends mainly on the efficiency of the optometrist. The ophthalmic assistant should know the method of using the equipment, perform the test accurately and document the findings. This session will hold all the essentials in simple understandable language.

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  Bandage tying and untying 55 users

Bandage tying and untying is a usual and quiet often performed in the operation theatre every day. This procedure is also done post operatively in the inpatient and outpatient department. This session will teach the ophthalmic paramedic to perform bandage tying and untying procedure without any error by understanding its purpose and method of doing it following sterile techniques.

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  Quiz on Operation Theatre (OT) 54 users

Welcome to the exercises! Try answering the questions and click on Submit to check if they are right. Here, you can change your answers as many times as you want. Pay special attention to the feedback given.

IMPORTANT: these EXERCISES are for practice purposes only. They won't be considered in your final grade.

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  Patterns of damage in CACG Vs POAG 54 users

By the end of this session, you would be able to:

  • To compare patterns of damage in chronic angle-closure glaucoma (CACG) to a control group of patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)
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  Ocular Pharmacology 54 users

Medicines are used to cure a disease, diagnose a disease, and smoothen the patientís therapy (eg: Anesthesia). Each drug create good or bad reactions in a patient. While assisting the ophthalmologist the ophthalmic paramedic administers certain kind of ocular drugs on patients based on their systemic and ocular conditions. Therefore, they must be familiar and have thorough knowledge about ophthalmic drugs its effect and the condition of the patient to administer the medication. She must be able to recognize the bad symptoms in a patient and how to rectify the adverse effect, with the help of the doctor. This session will provide the information on ocular drugs and its purpose.

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  1. Introduction to Refractive Errors 53 users

People are very much into visual learning, Mobile, televisions and other electronic version also causes eye strain! It is obvious that even small children wear spectacles at their early age! So this lesson becomes important for any personnel in the Ophthalmic field. This lesson will provide the most basic knowledge on refractive errors, types and treatment options. The activities will make the trainee quite interested to learn the concept.

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  Introduction to History Taking 53 users

History Taking is a structured documentation conducted to get a comprehensive picture of a patientís health and health problems. It includes an assessment of the patientís current and previous health problems, current and previous medical treatment, the patientís health in general, factors which might affect the patientís health and their response to prevention or treatment of health problems (e.g. risk factors, habits, etc.) Ophthalmic personnel should have good practice to take a history, know the tactics to collect history from a shy patient or in any patient who may not open-up. This session will provide the most basics in History Taking.

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  Lacrimal Duct Syringing 52 users

Lacrimal duct syringing is a regular procedure in outpatient department especially for the patient who are advised for cataract surgery. An ophthalmic assistant must be familiar with the purpose of performing this procedure and adapt the correct methods doing procedure without causing pain and suffering in a patient. The assistant should be able to assess the patient and efficiency of the lacrimal drainage system. They must be able to dilate the lacrimal punctum and probe the canaliculi safely without pain.
They should adapt the sterile technique while performing the procedure. They should know the method of documenting the findings. This lesson plan will teach the trainee on the lacrimal duct patency assessment.

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  Medical Records Management 51 users

Course on "Medical Records Management" is an excellent learning resource for an eye hospital/ a private practitioner who wants to startMedical Records Department & train staff for Medical Records. These sessions are developed in a way to understand easily,complimented and recorded with well-written script, critical-thinking assignments and review exams at the end of the course. This course is covering required concepts in Medical Records Management. Enroll today! and let's learn the best practices of Aravind in Medical Record Management at your self-paced

Objectives:

This course will enhance the skills and knowledge of MRD staff in specific areas of administering the Medical Records Department.

By the end of this course, you should be able to:

  • List the functions of Medical Records Department for effective eye care services
  • Describe required infrastructure for setting-up of Medical Records Department
  • Identify the best practices for Medical Records
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  Quiz on Glaucoma 51 users

Welcome to the exercises! Try answering the questions and click on Submit to check if they are right. Here, you can change your answers as many times as you want. Pay special attention to the feedback given.

IMPORTANT: these EXERCISES are for practice purposes only. They won't be considered in your final grade.

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  Anatomy and Physiology of Eyelid 51 users

The eyelids serve to protect the eye from foreign matter, such as dust, dirt, and other debris, as well as bright light that might damage the eye. When you blink, the eyelids also help spread tears over the surface of your eye, keeping the eye moist and comfortable. So the eye care personnel should have the basic knowledge on the anatomy and physiology of the eyelids. This topic will provide all the basics with colorful pictures and explanations.

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  Anatomy and Physiology of the Retina 51 users

The ophthalmic personnel should have the basic knowledge on the anatomy and physiology of the Retina to correlate and understand the diseases and disorders of the retina. This session will help the ophthalmic assistant to learn the anatomical position of the inner eye and how the light impulses are converted to electric impulse and carried to the brain.

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  Demo Test 51 users
  Care and Maintenance of A-Scan 50 users

A scan is an amplitude modulation scan. It gives the information in the form of one dimensional. It is used to detect the presence of flaws in the materials. A-scan ultrasound biometry, commonly referred to as an A-scan, is routine type of diagnostic test used in ophthalmology. The A-scan provides data on the length of the eye, which is a major determinant in common sight disorders. The most common use of the A-scan is to determine eye length for calculation of intraocular lens power.The other major use of the A-scan is to determine the size and ultrasound characteristics of masses in the eye, in order to determine the type of mass.

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  Visual Field Analysis 50 users

Visual field examination is an important part of the patient's diagnostics.This session explores aspects of the examination room, analysis procedures and required materials.

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  Anatomy and Physiology of the Respiratory System 50 users

The ophthalmic diagnostic methods, deals with both general treatment indicated in those eye diseases associated with general disease. To avoid the complications and after treatment of surgical procedures on the eye, it is important that the ophthalmology team is aware about the structure and functions of respiratory organs of our body.

All trainees should apply knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of respiratory system - Structure, function, lung volumes, composition of respiratory gases, lung mechanics, gas exchange in the lung, carriage of O2 and CO2 in blood. So that they could have a better understanding and take possible measures during medical emergencies.

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  Anatomy and Physiology of Lens 50 users

The common disease that is treated in all the eye hospitals is Cataract. The ophthalmic Assistant should know which part of the eye gets affected by cataract. This session will teach about the structure and function of each part of the lens for the beginners in ophthalmic assisting.

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  Introduction to Out Patient Department Instruments 49 users

This session on introduction to instrumentation and maintenance contains valuable information about the instruments used in an outpatient department on a daily basis. It is essential for an ophthalmic assistant to identify instruments, understand the purpose and its maintenance.

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  Measuring Blood Pressure (Manual Method) 49 users

Measuring the blood pressure in a patient is a usual procedure. The Manual methods are used in many hospitals. However, in hospitals with high patient flow the institution prefers to measure the Blood pressure levels through electronic method. This session will teach the ophthalmic paramedical personnel to measure the Blood Pressure level in a patient using Digital manometer.

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  Counselling for Amblyopia - A Practical Guide 48 users

This practical session shows an example of paediatric amblyopia counselling session, focusing on recommended procedures to orient the child's parents regarding the condition.

By the end of this session, the participant should be able to:

  • List orientation procedures to be given to parents regarding patching
  • Describe how to orient parents to ensure their child is wearing the glasses properly, if needed
  • Specify which procedures should be performed by the counsellor during the first visit of the amblyopic child parents
  • Specify which procedures should be performed by the counsellor during the follow up visit of the amblyopic child parents
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  Glaucoma - Basics 47 users

Glaucoma is a disease that damages the optic nerve and it causes vision loss. Glaucoma is caused as a result of high fluid pressure inside the eye.There are two types of glaucoma; This session will provide knowledge for the ophthalmic paramedic about glaucoma, its causes, types and treatment options .It helps them to identify disease condition and to counsel the patient.

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  2. Refractive Error - Myopia 46 users

Myopia (Short-sightedness) is a problem of vision that causes distant objects to appear blurred, while close objects can still be seen clearly.† This is because light rays are being focused in front of the retina, rather than directly on the retina. An ophthalmic assistant must know about myopia, the causes, and treatment options. This will help them to identify the myopia patients and to provide them accurate prescriptions.

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  Subjective Refraction - Rubrics 45 users

The subjective refraction depends mainly on the patientís response. However, the ophthalmic assistant should clearly provide instructions and keep on tracking the patientís performance by asking questions. †This session is segmented into 3 parts for the ophthalmic paramedic to understand the concept and method of performing the subjective refraction.

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  Setting-up of Refraction Unit 44 users

A person comes to see you at your clinic. To examine the person's eyes you need to have the correct euipment and your clinic needs to be designed so that you can give the person the best service possible. This session explains how to set up a well organized and efficient refraction clinic to ensure that people can receive the best refraction services possible. A refraction clinic has several purposes including provision of a professional eye examination, quality spectacles, referral if needed for eye diseases.

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  Orientation to Refraction (Session 1) 44 users
  Anatomy and Physiology of the Conjunctiva 44 users

The conjunctiva is a mucous membrane that protects the soft tissues of the eyelid and orbit, which allows extensive movement of the eye. The conjunctiva also provides a source of immune tissue and antimicrobial agents to protect the ocular surface. All the medical personnel must know the anatomy and physiology of conjunctiva. This presentation will give a detail about the anatomy and physiology of the Conjunctiva

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  A - Scan 44 users

The A-Scan ultrasound biometry is a routine outpatient technique to find the Axial length of the eye. The biometry calculates the power of the lens.† The instrument has direct contact with the cornea. This lesson will provide the Purpose and method of finding the length of the eye and power of lens and the method of calculation and documentation in the patient medical record.

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  Tamil Learning for Trainees 43 users

In this set of materials, English is used to represent Tamil. Pronunciation is really very important for a person to understand when u talks in Tamil. So we have models pronouncing the words that you are learning, who will speak the words and phrases of greetings in Tamil. So, please listen carefully and practice it immediately the time provided in this video.

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  Amsler Grid 42 users

The amslerís grid measures the central vision mostly in retina patients.† This test is done monocular method and documented in a grid chart. This lesson will help the ophthalmic paramedic to understand the chart, method of conducting the test and method of documenting the findings.

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  Camp Preparation and Refraction Cubicle Arrangement 41 users
  Introduction to Paediatric Cataract 40 users

Too many children have the condition known as paediatric cataract. Without proper treatment at a young age they are doomed to impaired vision and eventual blindness. This course covers the common symptoms, the main causes, and how such children can be helped to a lifetime of good sight.

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  Anatomy and Physiology of the Lacrimal System 39 users

The lacrimal system is the physiological system containing the orbital structures for tear production and drainage. This lesson will teach the ophthalmic trainees about the lacrimal system and their functions.the trainee will be able to describe the parts of lacrimal system and its important functions.

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  Instillation of Eye Drops - Dilatation of the Eye 39 users

Pupil dilatation is done during an eye examination. It causes pupils to widen, allows more light and gives the doctor a better view of the inner parts of the eye. The ophthalmic assistant should know importance of dilatation, what happens when dilating a person's eye and how to choose safe dilating eye drops for systemic and high risk patients. This session will provide all the information required for the ophthalmic assistant to administer dilating drops in any type of patients.

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  Eye Draping 39 users

Draping a patient before an eye surgery is very important assisting method in the operation theatre. Though a routine, easy procedure, it requires careful, attentive and sterile technique. From the patientís safety point of view, this lesson is designed to benefit the ophthalmic paramedic to boost her assisting capacity in this procedure.

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  Quiz on Anatomy and Physiology of Eye 38 users
  Quiz on Amblyopia 38 users

Welcome to the exercises! Try answering the questions and click on Submit to check if they are right. Here, you can change your answers as many times as you want. Pay special attention to the feedback given.

IMPORTANT: these EXERCISES are for practice purposes only. They won't be considered in your final grade.

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  Basic Microbiology 38 users

Microbiology is the study of microorganisms, which includes bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. This chapter on basic microbiology gives information about the various microorganisms causing infection and the types of infection caused by them.

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  Medical Records Numbering System 37 users

In the medical field, filing is one of the essential processes when it comes to the management of information. If you do not file your records and keep them safely, retrieval of information in time of need may be greatly impaired. Therefore it is essential for a medical recording personnel to carefully note down the system of numbering, method of numbering and reason for numbering to accurately perform their tasks.

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  Measuring Blood Sugar Level using Glucometer 37 users

A glucometer is a medical device used for determining the approximate concentration of glucose level in the blood. This measurement is necessary before surgical procedure or any investigation and for diabetic patients. This session will provide the method of measuring blood sugar level using glucometer.

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  Measuring IOP using Perkins Tonometer 37 users

The Perkins Handheld Tonometer employs the Goldmann applanating prism. However the ophthalmic paramedic should know what to communicate, patient preparation, materials to be kept ready for the procedure, identify indication and contraindicated patient for this procedure. This lesson will provide all these basics.

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  Care and Maintenance of Slit Lamp 36 users

The slit lamp is an instrument consisting of a high-intensity light source that can be focused to shine a thin sheet of light into the eye. It is used in conjunction with a biomicroscope. The lamp facilitates an examination of the anterior segment, or frontal structures and posterior segment, of the human eye, which includes the eyelid, sclera, conjunctiva, iris, natural crystalline lens, and cornea. The binocular slit-lamp examination provides a stereoscopic magnified view of the eye structures in detail, enabling anatomical diagnoses to be made for a variety of eye conditions. A second, hand-held lens is used to examine the retina. Take this course to learn the major uses along with the features and systems of the slit lamp, how to maintain it, and how to solve common problems.

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  Vitamin A Deficiency & Eye Problems 36 users

Vitamin A deficiency is a systemic disease that affects cells and organs throughout the body. Vitamin A deficiency can result from inadequate intake, fat malabsorption, or liver disorders. Deficiency impairs immunity and hematopoiesis and causes rashes and typical ocular effects (eg, Xerophthalmia, night blindness). This lesson will provide all the basis of the vitamin A deficiency and the related eye diseases that could be rectified if identified at the earlier stage.

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  c.Vital Signs - Measuring Blood Pressure using Digital Blood Pressure Monitor 36 users

Measuring the vital signs in a patient is a usual procedure. The Manual methods are used in many hospitals. However, in hospitals with high patient flow the institution prefers to measure the Blood pressure levels through electronic method. This session will teach the ophthalmic paramedical personnel to measure the Blood Pressure level in a patient using Digital manometer.

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  Quiz on Visual Acuity 35 users

Welcome to the exercises! Try answering the questions and click on Submit to check if they are right. Here, you can change your answers as many times as you want. Pay special attention to the feedback given.

IMPORTANT: these EXERCISES are for practice purposes only. They won't be considered in your final grade.

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  Measuring Intra Ocular Pressure using Schiotz Tonometer 35 users

Schiotz tonometer is used to measure the intra ocular pressure of the eye. There are different method is used to find the intra ocular pressure .This session will provide you the method of instar ocular pressure blood sugar checking using glucometer.

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  Linen Folding and Packing in Operation Theatre 35 users

To define the actions and responsibilities of the MLOP while preparing (folding and packing) the linen like gowns, towels etc. for sterilization and to provide guidelines for MLOP for preparing the linen for sterilization.Proper folding will ensure the penetration of steam in all the layers of the linen and sterilization will be complete.

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  Schiotz Tonometer 34 users

Schiotz tonometer is a handy instrument which is used to measure Intra Ocular Pressure in a patient. It is quite a simple instrument but the paramedic should be careful while using on a patient. The ophthalmic paramedic should know the parts of the instruments and basic cleaning and calibration technique. This session will provide all the basic details required to learn about Schiotz tonometer instrument.

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  Introduction to Slit Lamp 34 users

The slit lamp biomicroscope, is a unique instrument that permits magnified examination of transparent or translucent tissues of the eye in cross section. This lesson will introduce the purpose of the instrument, parts of the instrument and how it could be handle in the clinics

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  Muscle Balance 34 users

Muscle balance is a test to find the horizontal or vertical misalignment, weakness or other problems in the extra ocular muscles. This session will enhance the ophthalmic assistant to have understanding of Extraocular muscles, various types of muscle balance tests, different types of exercises to improve the muscle weakness.

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  Subjective Refraction - Introduction 34 users
  Setting-up of Medical Records Department 33 users

Part of the planning function is providing medical records assisstant with proper working environment. This includes planning for office space and location, office furniture and equipment and spatial conditioning factors such as good lighting arrangments and colour. The functions of the department are the processing of outpatient and inpatient records, retrieval, record storage, disease and procedure wise coding and indexing.

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  Quiz on Instillation of Eye Drops 33 users
  a.Introduction to Vital Signs 33 users

Vital sign monitoring is a fundamental component of nursing care. Monitoring, observing and recording the vital signs of patients is a fundamental aspect of delivering quality patient care. Vital sign monitoring is a repeated, time-consuming task. The average nurse measures and document thousands of normal vital signs during the course of her career. Though Ophthalmic paramedics are under heavy time constraints and overloaded with information about many assessment parameters, they should also devote attention to individually targeting and tailoring the measurement of vital signs and better equip them and interpret the information in the patient case sheet. They must be alert to trends and abnormal values because, these lapses interfere with appropriate and timely interventions for deteriorating patients. These important basic information are so vital especially to decide on any immediate clinical interventions. This lesson will develop your knowledge and skills in both theory and practice for the patients undergoing ophthalmic treatment.

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  Visual Fields - Introduction 33 users

A visual field test is an eye examination that can detect dysfunction in central and peripheral (side) vision which may be caused by various medical conditions such as glaucoma, stroke, brain tumors or other neurological deficits.† This session will be a base for a trainee to understand the importance of visual fields, purpose of visual field tests, indications for visual field, diagnostic techniques.

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  Bjerrum Chart (Tangent Screen) 33 users
  Best Vision Sphere - Fogging Technique 33 users

Fogging is a simple technique to find the best vision sphere in† a patient. But this technique also requires accurate reading so that the ultimate end could be a comfortable and suitable glass for the patient. This session will teach the step by step procedure to perform fogging accurately.

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  Hospital Infection Control 33 users

Everyday many sick peoples visit the hospital for treatment. So medical personnel should be aware and adapt strict infection control procedures to prevent the nosocomial infection from Patient to Staff member, Staff member to patient and Patient to patient. Infection control is a procedure that prevents the spread of nosocomial infection.This lesson will provide you knowledge about hospital infection, causes and infection control methods.

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  Introduction to e-learning 32 users

E-Learning is the use of technology to enable people to learn anytime and anywhere. e-Learning can include training, the delivery of just-in-time information and guidance from experts. e-Learning is learning that takes place in an electronically simulated environment. e-Learning, web-based training, internet-based training and computer-based training are the next-generation instruction methods being developed today. With e-Learning, users can immerse themselves in a three-dimensional environment to further enhance their learning experience. Moreover, e-Learning can be done anywhere and anytime as long as the user has the proper hardware. Today, e-Learning is fast becoming a reality through companies like Trainersoft and others.

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  1. Introduction to Systemic Diseases 32 users

Systemic diseases are increasing at an alarming rate all over the world. Uncontrolled systemic disease conditions speed up the normal aging of blood vessels in the eye and may further lead to blindness. Moreover, the normal and abnormal parameters of systemic conditions must be taken into consideration for any ocular minor or major procedure. This session will deal the basics of few systemic conditions.

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  Objective Refraction using Auto Refractometer 32 users

An Auto Refractometer is a computer-controlled machine used during an eye examination to provide an objective measurement of a person's refractive error and prescription for glasses or contact lenses. An ophthalmic assistant must know how to measure refractive error using auto refractometer to provide right glasses to right patient! This lesson deals with the components & features of auto Refractometer and the procedure to measure refractive error using it.

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  Measuring IOP using Non Contact Tonometer 32 users

Measuring intraocular pressure is a regular procedure for eye care profession. This procedure is done in outpatient department. This session will describe to the ophthalmic paramedic to measure intraocular pressure using Non-contact tonometer its purpose and measure accurately to the patient.

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  Measuring inter pupillary distance using ruler 32 users

Interpupillary distance (IPD) is the distance between the centres of the pupils of the eyes. Pupillary measurement is used to determine the proper lens shape on prescribed glass .This is measured in two different methods. This lesson will enrich your understanding of pupillary distance and the skill to measure it.

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  Assisting Slit Lamp for Pre and Post Operative Cases 32 users

The ophthalmic paramedic should have knowledge about assisting pre and postoperative cases and efficiently assist the doctor to perform the exam. This session will provide the skills and responsibilities required to assist for pre and postoperative cases.

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  Scrubbing, Gowning and Gloving 32 users

The principles of aseptic technique play vital role in accomplishing the goal of asepsis in the operating room environment. Surgical scrubbing, gowning and gloving are one of the important procedure to maintain sterility inside the hospital.

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  Setting-up of Spectacle Dispensing Services 31 users

Spectacles are the simplest solution to refractive error because they are cheaper, involve less technology and are easier to dispense than other correction options like contact lenses and refractive surgery. By dispensing spectacles we can ensure that the patients do receive the necessary correction and that the spectacles are of good quality. As patients have been found willing to pay for this service, it also serves to generate funds which may be used to subsidize other services.

Today, setting up a spectacle shop is fairly risk-free as the spectacle market is quite well-established, globally. With many players in the market, both in the corporate as well as unorganized sector, the raw materials are available at fairly cheap rates. Spectacle dispensing is a fairly simple procedure with minimal training needs. With sufficient demand being created in-house and the low cost of goods, this could easily go beyond being a sustainable venture and generate a surplus of funds.

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  Cataract Surgery After Trabeculectomy 31 users

By the end of this session, you would be able to:

  • Determine whether the timing of Cataract surgery after trabeculetomy has an effect on trabeculetomy function in terms of IOP control
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  A Retrospective Study 31 users

By the end of this session, you will be able to:

  • To identify the most effective therapeutic approach in the treatment of malignant glaucoma
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  5. Refractive Error - Presbyopia 31 users

Refractive Errors are the most common eye disorders and not a disease. Presbyopia is one of the types of refractive errors. This session will explain the condition of the presbyopic eye, symptoms, and available corrections of presbyopia.

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  Dry Eye 31 users

Dry eye is a disorder that happens when lacrimal gland doesn't secrete enough tears to lubricate and nourish the eye. Tears are essential for cleaning and lubricating the front surface of the eye. This lesson will provide the details about Dry Eye, its causes, signs and symptoms and the treatment options.

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  Trolley Setup in Ward 31 users

A Trolley setup containing emergency drug, accessories, emergency setups etc., will result in efficient patient care, reducing wastage of time and unnecessary anxiety, rendering the service provided more productive and purposeful.

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  Common Eye Problems 31 users

Any eye care personnel should know the most common disease conditions that make a person visit eye hospital. This lesson will provide the common disease conditions / abnormalities that occur in each part of the eye.

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  Quiz on Ward Services 30 users

Welcome to the Quiz on Ward! Try answering the questions and click on Submit to check if they are right. Here, you can change your answers as many times as you want. Pay special attention to the feedback given.

IMPORTANT: these EXERCISES are for practice purposes only. They won't be considered in your final grade.

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  Glaucomatous Optic Disc damage 30 users

By the end of this session, you would be able to:

  • To investigate the rate of visual field and optic disc change in patients with distinct patterns of glaucomatous optic disc damage
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  4. Refractive Error - Astigmatism 30 users

The function of the eye is to see clearly the objects around us. The inability of the eye to accurately focus the rays of light coming from distance on the retina is called refractive error. This topic will provide all the basic and types of astigmatism which is one of the refractive errors among the population.

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  3. Hypertension 30 users

Hypertension is a very common disorder affecting 25% of the population. It is called the silent killer because people with hypertension are often symptom free. Uncontrolled high blood pressure speeds up the normal aging of blood vessels in the eye and causes various retinal problems or even vision loss. So, the ophthalmic paramedic must know the causes, signs and symptoms. This lesson will provide the basic information on hypertension, causes, signs and symptoms, treatment options and ocular diseases in hypertensive patients.

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  Eye Cleaning in Operation Theatre 30 users

Eye Cleaning is a procedure that cleans the dust/dirt /discharge from the eye. This will help to prevent infection.This session will provide knowledge for the ophthalmic Assistance about eye cleaning procedure. It will help them to clean the eye by adapting correct method using sterile technique.

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  Bjerrum Chart 30 users

Bjerrumís chart is used to measure the visual field in a patient. The ophthalmic paramedic should know the method of using this chart, plotting the vision areas and document the finding in the patient medical record. This lesson has all these information for the paramedic to learn and practice the procedure.

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  Quiz on Evaluation of Lacrimal Duct patency 29 users

Welcome to the exercises! Try answering the questions and click on Submit to check if they are right. Here, you can change your answers as many times as you want. Pay special attention to the feedback given.

IMPORTANT: these EXERCISES are for practice purposes only. They won't be considered in your final grade. Candidates have to wait 1 hour to do the second attempt.

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  Assisting for Foreign Body Removal 29 users

A foreign object in the eye is something that enters the eye from outside the body. It may be a dust, iron particles, vegetable matter, or sand and mud particles. When a foreign object enters the eye, it will most likely affect the cornea or the conjunctiva. The removal of a corneal foreign body is a procedure commonly performed by the ophthalmologist. This session will provide guidelines for the ophthalmic paramedic to assist the ophthalmologist in foreign body removal.

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  Visual Field Defects 29 users
  Assisting for Small Incision Cataract Surgery (SICS) 29 users

Small incision cataract surgery (SICS) is one of the cataract surgical techniques commonly used.† Assisting the surgeon during the surgery is one of the important roles of ophthalmic assistant. This lesson will teach the role of ophthalmic paramedic during assisting SICS surgery, providing the cataract instruments to the surgeon.

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  Post-operative Counselling for Cataract 29 users

It is necessary for any patient to know what to eat, whether to bath or not, whether any pills for other body ailments could be taken or not and when to visit the doctor! Similarly, patients who have undergone surgery should also told how to apply medicines, when to bath, when to come for follow-up. If the paramedic does not educate the patient then they should be ready to answer a series of queries from the patient. This lesson will provide all the messages to be conveyed to the patient after the cataract surgery and at the time of discharge

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  Ocular Emergencies 29 users

Ocular emergencies are severe medical situation that affects the eye and could result in vision loss or vision deterioration if not treated immediately. The management of ocular emergencies requires a good knowledge to differentiate between serious blinding conditions and less severe problems. This lesson will provide the ocular emergencies, signs, symptoms and treatment for each emergency.

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  Pterygium 28 users

A wing shaped growth on the bulbar conjunctiva region which may hinder the vision in a person is pterygium. †A fleshy growth on the white part of the eye. This condition even after surgery might be recurrent. The ophthalmic assistant can learn about this disease, signs and symptoms and underlying causes of this disease in this session.

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  Cap and Shoe Wearing 28 users

The patients coming for surgery wear simple clean cloths and they do not change their attire like in other multispecialty surgeries. Since eye alone is operated, eye cleaning, sterile eye towel and drape procedures prevent them from getting infected. In addition, the head and foot is covered. Though a simple procedure, this lesson will provide the method of wearing the cap and shoe for the patient.

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  Lens Loading for Phaco Surgery 28 users

IOL delivery into the eye is an important step in Phaco cataract surgery. The method of IOL surgery advancement offering the surgeon both manual IOL loading into the cartridge and preloaded IOL injectors that are micro incision-friendly. This session will teach the ophthalmic paramedic how to efficiently load the lens in various types of cartridge and injectors.

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  1.Cataract - Introduction 28 users

Cataract is clouding of the eye's natural lens, which lies behind the iris and the pupil. The lens works much like a camera lens, focusing light onto the retina at the back of the eye. The lens also adjusts the eye's focus, letting us see things clearly both up close and far away. But as we age, some of the protein may clump together and start to cloud a small area of the lens. This condition is known as cataract and over time, it may grow larger and cloud more of the lens, making it harder to see. This course helps you to understand the condition and how it can be treated.

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  Community Outreach - Need and Importance 28 users

A†community outreach†programme on eye care services involves approaching community members, whether rural or urban with some kind of awareness message, or to make them attend an event mainly getting their eye treated. It is to address the growing need for vision health care services for medically underserved individuals. The Eye Care†community outreach†programme offers vision screenings at no cost to individuals through participating eye care professionals. Keeping in mind the social, medical circumstances of the individual, the eye care services are taken to the door step of the community.

The people who mainly serve the community through eye camps are the ophthalmologists and the paramedics or ophthalmic assistant. Therefore, it is essential for any paramedic to note the importance of†community outreach programme.

This session has dealt with all the basic aspects of†community outreach†programme, its need and importance.

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  Accreditation for Continuous Improvement 27 users

The focus of accreditation is on continuous improvement in the organizational and clinical performance of health services, not just the achievement of a certificate or award or merely assuring compliance with minimum acceptable standards. How quality is maintained and improved in hospitals and healthcare services is a subject of much debate.

Hospital accreditation is one recognized means by which this can be achieved. The different accreditation schemes vary in quality, size, intent and the skill of their marketing. They also vary considerably in terms of the cost incurred by hospitals and healthcare institutions.

They have varying degrees of commitment to assessing medical ethical and clinical standards. In this context, the purpose of this module is to gain a better understanding of the concept of accreditation including:

  • What accreditation is?
  • What are the various accreditation systems available for hospitals?
  • What efforts and resources go into getting and maintaining accreditations?
  • Advantages and disadvantages of accreditation etc.
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  Health Care Marketing to Enhance Access 27 users

Healthcare marketing is an essential strategy for service providers to generate demand. There are many challenges unique to the healthcare service sector and to developing countries that require the marketing efforts to be more creative and should be designed to overcome barriers that patients face in accessing care.

This module on Healthcare Marketing aims to elicit these aspects by focusing on the following:

  • Creating demand through health education:
    This often means that service providers should proactively reach out to patients to educate them on the need for the service and to attract them to seek care. In the long term these strategies should cultivate the health-seeking and compliance behaviour in the community.
  • Healthcare marketing strategies (creative ways to generate demand) :
    Traditional marketing skills such as market research, service design, pricing, promotion and quality assurance need to be supplemented by leveraging emerging technologies. Urban healthcare consumers increasingly expect relevant and easily accessible information thats conveniently available. Healthcare marketers should learn how to assess user needs, expectations, and behaviours to enhance online patient experiences.
  • Ensuring positive patient experience and leveraging word of mouth:
    The real test of healthcare marketing is in the actual patient experience. It is in this that service providers truly succeed or fail. Ensuring good patient experience demands internal health education, good clinical quality, patient centred care and moderating patient expectations.
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  Spherical Lenses 27 users

The visual aid includes optical devices such as eyeglasses or spectacles, contact lenses, for refractive errors and magnifying glasses for low vision people which involves various types of lenses. It is normally not thought of lenses but an instrument to view clearly! A lens is just a transparent material with at least one side curved surface. It is important for an optometrist or the optician to have the basic knowledge about spherical lenses and its types. They must be able to identify the type of lenses that is used in different spectacles and why it is used. This session will teach you all the basis of spherical lenses.

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  3. Refractive Error - Hypermetropia 27 users

Refractive Errors are the most common eye disorders and not a disease. Hypermetropia is one of the types of refractive errors. This session will teach the student about the causes, symptoms, types, complications and corrections available for Hypermetropia.

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  2. Diabetes Mellitus 27 users

Inadequate insulin production or a lack of response to insulin may lead to disorders like kidney diseases, stroke, cataract, glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy. Learning about diabetes will help the Ophthalmic assistant to provide proper care and comfort to the diabetic patients. This lesson will provide the basic information on diabetic conditions, causes and related eye diseases.

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  Assisting for Gonio Lens Examination 27 users

Gonioscopy is an examination usually performed in a sitting person at the slit lamp. The exmaination is done by the ophthalmologist but it is the duty of the ophthalmic paramedic to make the table arrangement for the gonio examination, Assist the doctor to perform the examination smoothly. This session will provide all the roles and responsibilities of the ophthalmic paramedic in assisting the doctor for the gonioscopy examination.

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  Non Contact Tonometer 27 users

Tonometry is the procedure eye care professionals perform to determine the intraocular pressure. This procedure is done in the outpatient department. The ophthalmic assistant should have an understanding about the purpose of each part of non-contact tonometer, be efficient in operating the instrument. This lesson will describe about the method of operating, cleaning and maintenance of the Non-contact tonometer instrument.

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  Vital Signs - Practical Sessions and Rubrics 27 users
  Care and Maintenance of Direct Ophthalmoscopes 26 users

DIRECT OPHTHALMOSCOPE :

The Direct Ophthalmoscope is used to look at the fundus. You will learn the parts of this instrument together with useful information for technicians who handle it and its users. Trouble-shooting suggestions are made for problems commonly met.

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  Ex-Press Glaucoma Shunt Procedures 26 users
Ex-Press Glaucoma Shunt Procedures - Journal Club Presentation, the purposes are
  • To report post-operative course and complications in patients who underwent Ex-Press glaucoma shunt placement
  • To report a series of cases involving Ex-PRESS Miniature Glaucoma Device exposure and discuss the surgical techniques we used to remove the shunts
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  Assisting for Corneal Scraping 26 users

Cornea helps to shield the rest of the eye from germs, dust and other harmful particles. Corneal infection occurs when the cornea is damaged by a foreign object, bacteria, virus or fungi. Corneal scrapping is a simple procedure that helps to collect specimen samples to identify the type of microbes. The ophthalmic paramedic should have knowledge about microbes, the purpose of corneal scrapping and efficiently assist the doctor to collect and analyse the sample to provide the right treatment. This session will provide the skills and responsibilities required to assist for corneal scraping.

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  Measuring Tear Secretion by Schirmerís Test 26 users

Schirmer's test is used to measure the secretion of tears in a patient eye. It determines whether the eye produces enough tears or not. This test is done by the ophthalmic assistants .This session will provide guidelines for the ophthalmic paramedic to measure the tears secretion using Schirmerís test.

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  Bed Making 26 users

Bandage tying and untying is a usual and quiet often performed in the operation theatre every day. This procedure is also done post operatively in the inpatient and outpatient department. This session will teach the ophthalmic paramedic to perform bandage tying and untying procedure without any error by understanding its purpose and method of doing it following sterile techniques.

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  Table Setup in Outpatient Department 26 users

Table arrangements in Outpatient department containing Prescription pad, Medicine tray, accessories, emergency setups etc., will result in efficient patient care, reducing wastage of time and unnecessary anxiety, rendering the service provided more productive and purposeful.

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  Medical Record Reading in Operation Theatre 26 users

Medical Record Read out in OT helps to provide accurate information at a right time (before the patient is treated by the surgeon) in the operation theatre.
The ophthalmic assistant supports the surgeon by reading the patient information like, name of the patient, age, procedure to be done, A-scan readings, systemic diseases etc.,.

The main purpose of medical record reading reduces the time for the doctor but get ready for the surgery. The ophthalmic assistant must be efficient enough to interpret the information provided in the patient medical record. This session will provide the method of interpreting the messages from the medical record to the treating ophthalmologist.

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  Assisting for Goldmann Applanation Tonometer Examination 26 users

Applanation Tonometer is the equipment helps to measure intra ocular pressure. This session explains the role of ophthalmic assistant to learn how to assist the doctor during the applanation examination.

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  Keratometry 26 users

Keratometry is the measurement of a patientís central corneal curvature. It provides an objective, quantitative measurement of corneal astigmatism, measuring the curvature. Keratometry is also helpful in determining the appropriate fitting of contact lens.

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  Introduction to Paediatric Amblyopia Counselling 25 users

Amblyopia is a serious disorder that can effect the child's life permanently. Therefore, immediate treatment is extremely advisable and counselling the parents is one key procedure to ensure maximum efficiency of the treatment.

By the end of this session, the participant should be able to:

  • Identify common symptoms noticed by amblyopic children parents or teacher
  • Explain how a child may develop amblyopia
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  Resource Guide to Organise Paediatric Community Outreach Camps 25 users

This session talks about key planning and logistic procedures to ensure a good outcome from an eye care outreach camp.

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  Patient Safety- A key determinant for quality 25 users

Patient safety has become one of the central concerns in quality improvement in health care both nationally and internationally. It remains the basis of quality in health care delivery. Prevention of medical error should be the priority of all caregivers. Yet, this is a poorly addressed problem. WHO's estimates show that in developed countries as many as one in ten patients is harmed while receiving hospital care.

The harm can be caused by a range of errors or adverse events. Patient safety is defined as "the reduction and mitigation of unsafe acts within the health care system, as well as the use of best practices shown to lead to optimal patient outcomes."

The overall objective of this module is to understand the discipline of patient safety, international standards and its role in minimizing the incidence and impact of adverse events. The module will also describe patient safety initiatives in the Indian context.

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  Optics & Refraction 25 users
  f.Vital Signs - Temperature 25 users
  Lens Power Neutralization using Lensometer 25 users

Lensometry is a procedure that measures the power of a patientís current glass. In refraction unit the patientís current spectacle power is measured using manual neutralization or manual lensometer.† In the optical making unit the manual Lensometer is used to check the spectacles power accurately for the patients. This session will provide guidelines to measure the power of a patientís existing eye glass or contact lens, using a device called Lensometer or by manual neutralization method.

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  Dressing Preparation 25 users
  Instruments Cleaning in Operation Theatre 25 users

Cleaning the Ophthalmic instrument is a common daily procedure in Operation theatre, Outpatient and in the inpatient department. The ophthalmic paramedic will learn the purpose, and method of cleaning instruments and protecting the sharp tipped instruments and preserving the instruments with its sets. The lesson will hold demonstration videos of Aravind Eye hospital for the paramedic to understand the procedure better.

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  Phaco Machine set-up and cleaning 25 users

The phaco emulsifier machine is used in all the eye hospitals to perform minimum cut open to replace the natural lens. The machine is very costly and requires the careful handling of the machine before surgery and maintenance after surgery.† This lesson will provide the method of setting-up the machine and cleaning the machine.

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  2.Cataract - Causes and Classification 25 users

A cataract is a clouding of the eye's natural lens, which lies behind the iris and the pupil. The lens works much like a camera lens, focusing light onto the retina at the back of the eye. The lens also adjusts the eye's focus, letting us see things clearly both up close and far away. But as we age, some of the protein may clump together and start to cloud a small area of the lens. This is a cataract, and over time, it may grow larger and cloud more of the lens, making it harder to see. Cataract is responsible for 50% of the blindness in the world, and is a major issue for any provider of eye care services. This course helps you to understand the condition and how it can be treated.

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  3.Cataract - Diagnosis and Management 25 users

Cataract is a common disease condition in any eye hospital. The ophthalmic paramedic should know about the various Procedures / investigations to be undergone by the patient. Only then they will ensure that their patient has undergone all the investigations for the surgery, and check that the respective reports are attached in their Medical Records. In this session, we have given the Diagnostic flow, treatment options, indications for surgery to help the trainees to have the knowledge about cataract and its treatments.

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  Coding and Indexing of Case Sheets 24 users

CODING:

Coding is translating narrative descriptions of diseases, injuries and procedures into numeric codes. Coding process involves assigning numbers to disease and procedural terms. The WHO has provided common numbers for all diseases & procedures to facilitate comparison of data globally with all the hospitals.

INDEXING:

Indexing is a compilation of data from medical records which is hand posted on ledgers or in Index cards. Outpatient Register with diagnosis entry column. Inpatient Register with surgery entry column. Disease & Operation wise Index. Indexing can be automated if the facility of computerization is available.

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  Anatomy & Physiology & Pharmacology 24 users
  ECG - Electrocardiogram 24 users

The paramedic / nurse performs an ECG / EKG on the advise of the Physician, by attaching electrodes to a patientís chest, arms and legs.† The paramedic should know the particular points and its purpose, also monitor the electrical impulses transmitted by the heart and records the results.† She should know to operate the ECG machine / check the working condition. She must Check the quality of recorded data and attach the documents in the medical record and send it to General physician. General physician then inspects these readings and analyze the patient's heart condition.

This session will provide the skills and responsibilities required to Perform ECG on a patient.

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  Introduction to Medical Terminologies 24 users

Medical terminology is the study of medical word building to help the trainees develop the medical vocabulary. †This session focuses on the components of medical terms, root words, prefixes, suffixes, meanings of basic medical terminologies.

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  Quiz on Retinoscopy 23 users

Welcome to the Quiz on Retinoscopy! Try answering the questions and click on Submit to check if they are right. Here, you can change your answers as many times as you want. Pay special attention to the feedback given.

IMPORTANT: these EXERCISES are for practice purposes only. They won't be considered in your final grade.

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  Care and Maintenance of Schiotz Tonometer 23 users

The Schiotz tonometer is a contact tonometer which directly touches the cornea and measures the eye pressure. This session will mention its parts and will suggest procedures for the calibration check and maintenance schedule.

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  4. Cardiac Diseases 23 users

Heart and blood vessel disease also called cardiac disease includes numerous problems in our body. Plagues are build in the walls of the arteries of the heart. The blood vessels get narrowed. Abnormal rhythm of the heart One of the features of cardiovascular disease is that symptoms are not only present in the body, but can be found in the eyes as well. Some of the eye conditions are narrowing of the blood vessels, ballooning of the blood vessels, and swelling located at the base of the optic nerve. This lesson will provide the basic information on cardiac disease, causes and eye diseases.

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  d.Vital Signs - Pulse 23 users
  Quiz on Housekeeping 22 users

Welcome to the exercises! Try answering the questions and click on Submit to check if they are right. Here, you can change your answers as many times as you want. Pay special attention to the feedback given.

IMPORTANT: these EXERCISES are for practice purposes only. They won't be considered in your final grade.

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  Care and Maintenance of Sphygmomanometer/ BP Appratus 22 users

A sphygmomanometer (often condensed to sphygmometer) or blood pressure meter is a device used to measure blood pressure, comprising an inflatable cuff to restrict blood flow, and a mercury or electronic manometer to measure the pressure. The pressure is stated as two numbers, the highest pressure that blood reaches (pushes past the cuff) and the lowest (the flow is unimpeded and flows without being pushed by the heart contraction). Manual sphygmomanometers are used in conjunction with a stethoscope to determine the two pressures.There are two types of this device, manometric and digital. When using the manometric variety, a stethoscope is used to hear the sound of blood rushing back through the artery. This "old-fashioned" type is more accurate than the digital type. With a digital device, the stethoscope is not used.

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  Cleaning the Phaco Machine 22 users

The Phaco machine is the tool the ophthalmologist uses during cataract surgery to remove the natural lens from the eye. Phacoemulsification cataract surgery requires the use of complex phaco machines. Understanding the mechanical principles underlying this technology allows the surgeon to optimize machine settings and safely trouble shoot problems encountered during surgery. All Eye Surgeons, regardless of level of surgical expertise, will benefit from reviewing the fundamentals of Phacoemulsification, including fluidics and ultrasound power modulation. The accomplished surgeon can improve the safety and efficiency of their techniques and the novice surgeon will have a distinct advantage to mastering these skills.

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  Optics Cleaning 22 users

If the lens is not dirty, do not clean it. Handling optics increases their chances of getting dirty or damaged, so you should clean optics only when necessary.You should handle optics in a clean, low-dust environment while wearing powder-free acetone-impenetrable gloves or ?nger cots. Since oil and debris from your hands or from used lens tissue can stain or damage optical coatings, you should not touch any transmissive or re?ective surface of your optic and never reuse a lens tissue. Remember that lens tissues are inexpensive compared to the price of an optic. Inspect an optic for dust and stains by holding it near a bright visible-light source. Viewing the optic at different angles allows you to see scattering from dust and stains.

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  Introduction to Medical Records Department 22 users

The medical records department must be organized and managed upon the concept that it exists for the benefit of the patients. Medical Records are written collection of information about a patient health care and are essential for his or her present and future care. The medical record department benefits the patient by being responsible for the completeness, accuracy and availability of medical record at all times. It is the prime job of MRD staff to make sure that the medical record is available for doctors when the patient returns to the hospital. If the medical record is not available then the patient may suffer, due to lack of previous information, which could be vital for their continuing care.

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  Low Vision Devices 22 users

The use of a low vision aid is dependent on many factors, the type of vision loss, the degree of loss, the patient's light and glare needs, the ability of the patient to handle and operate the aid plus many other factors. The best place to obtain a low vision aid is from your low vision specialist following a comprehensive low vision examination. There are many low vision devices to help you use your remaining sight more effectively, thereby enabling you to continue reading and participating in other hobbies and activities or, most importantly for those still working, remain in your job.

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  Role of MLOPs in Outreach Eye Care Services 22 users

A community outreach programme on eye care services involves approaching community members, whether rural or urban with some kind of awareness message, or to make them attend an event mainly getting their eye treated. It is†to address the growing need for vision health care services for medically underserved individuals. The Eye Care Community Outreach programme offers vision screenings at no cost to individuals through participating eye care professionals. Keeping in mind the social, medical circumstances of the individual, the eye care services is taken to the door step of the community.

The people who mainly serve the community through eye camps are the ophthalmologists and the paramedics or ophthalmic assistant. Therefore, it is essential for any paramedic to note the importance of community outreach programme, and their roles and responsibilities in a camp.

This session has dealt with all the basic aspects of community outreach programme and educate the professional ethics for a beginner in ophthalmic assisting practice.

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  Anatomy and Physiology of Uvea 22 users

Uvea is the middle layer of the eye, it consists of iris, cilary body and choroid. Uvea controls the eye function in eye. This session will provide you knowledge about uvea structure and its functions.

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  Muscle Balance - Introduction 22 users

Muscle balance test examines the function of extra ocular muscles. In this examination, series of tests are performed by an ophthalmic paramedic to assess corneal reflex, Ocular movements, Squint, Convergence, Accommodation and Fusion. This session will enhance the ophthalmic assistant to have understanding of Extraocular muscles, various types of muscle balance tests, different types of exercises to improve the muscle weakness.

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  Orientation to Instruments and Equipment Maintenance 21 users

The rationale behind publishing sessions on "Instruments Maintenance" will be explained in this session which will allow you to know how important Instruments and Equipments Maintenance is.

By the end of this session, the participant should be able to:

  • Explain the reason why instrument and equipment related to eye care should be kept in good working conditions
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  Quiz on MRD 21 users

Welcome to the exercises! Try answering the questions and click on Submit to check if they are right. Here, you can change your answers as many times as you want. Pay special attention to the feedback given.

IMPORTANT: these EXERCISES are for practice purposes only. They won't be considered in your final grade.

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  Microbiology Investigations - 1 21 users

Microbiology is the study of microorganisms, which includes bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. These microbes can be seen only with a microscope. They can cause eye diseases too. So, the Ophthalmic paramedic must know various microorganisms causing infections, their types, the method of preparing slides, sample collection methods. This lesson deals with sample collection, KOH mount and gram staining methods.

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  e.Vital Signs - Respiration 21 users
  Eye Cleaning in Outpatient and Inpatient 21 users

Patients come to eye hospitals with various eye infections (Blepharitis, conjunctivitis). Their eyelids may be sticky or encrusted. Therefore, these infections could be transferred from the eyelids into the eye. Cleaning these eyelids before any procedure or investigation is very important. This lesson will provide the steps by step procedure on eye cleaning.

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  Worth 4 Dot Test 21 users

Worth 4 Dot Test assesses binocular single vision. It determines how a patient uses his/her eyes together. In this test, binocular single vision is assessed using Red and green glasses and Worth 4 Dot test target. Results are interpreted based on the patientís responses. It determines whether the patient has fusion, suppression or diplopia.

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  Best Vision Sphere - Non Cycloplegic Refraction 21 users

The first step in subjective refraction is to find the best vision sphere (BVS) in a patient. One of the method in finding out the BVS is Non cycloplegic method. This session will teach a refractionist / optometrist to adapt various steps to find accurate BVS in a patient. Few tips also given in this session for the beginners to learn the procedure easily.

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  Lens Power Neutralization using Trial Lens (Hand Neutralization) 21 users

Balancing the lens power is a usual refraction procedure to measure the patientís current glass power manually. This session will provide guidelines to measure the power of a patientís existing eye glass, using trial lens(Hand neutralization).

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  Counselling for Paediatric Eye Care 20 users

By the end of this course, you should be able to:

  • Explain what counselling is and its importance
  • Describe the correct procedures to provide counselling for patients with paediatric cataract, paediatric refractive errors and amblyopia
  • Specify how the paediatric counselling room should be set
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  Vision Rehabilitation 20 users

The impact of low vision on a person's quality of life can be devastating. But people should not accept the statement that nothing could be done about their low vision. People with low vision can improve their quality of life through vision rehabilitation services to teach them how to use their remaining vision more effectively. Using a variety of visual and adaptive aids may bring them back or help them keep their independence. The rehabilitation of a visually impaired individual may involve a variety of treatment modalities including prescription eyewear, optical devices, electronic aids, adaptive computer software, glare control, modification of the patient's environment, counseling and education of the patient and family, skills training, independent living aids, occupational therapy, mental health intervention, orientation and mobility training and driving rehabilitation. A cadre of rehabilitation professionals skilled in these specific areas has emerged. Low vision rehabilitation begins with a careful evaluation by an optometrist or ophthalmologist skilled in low vision rehabilitation.

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  Resource Guide to Organise School Screening Activities 20 users

School screening camp is an effective way to provide eye care to children in remote places where, usually, they wouldn't have access to. The role of the teacher is explored in this session,as well as other key procedures to plan and execute a school screening camp.By the end of this session, you should be able to:

  • List the objectives of a school screening camp
  • Identify the core members involved in school screening camps
  • Describe the planning activities for this kind of camp
  • Indicate the steps for the selection of teachers
  • Indicate the steps for planning and executing teachers'training
  • Explain the three phases involved in screening school children
  • List the ophthalmic instruments necessary to conduct a school screening camp
  • Illustrate how the monitoring process can be done in a school screening camp
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  Assisting for Suture Removal under Slit Lamp 20 users

Removing suture is a common post-operative procedure done by the Ophthalmologist in the outpatient unit. However, the efficient assisting for this procedure is done by the Ophthalmic Paramedics. This session will help the ophthalmic paramedic to understand their role, understand the surgery undergone by the patient, providing timely instructions to the patient for better co-operation and learn the method of assisting for the procedure.

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  Introduction to Budgeting & Variance Analysis 19 users

Budgeting is used to project future income and expenses of an organisation or a project. Budgeting process consists of- developing a plan, implementing it and attempting to control outcomes, so that, they conform to or exceed the results called for the plan. Variance analysis is used to monitor the actual outcome as compared to the budget.Budgeting process helps in creating awareness, identifying resource needs and monitoring performance.

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  Introduction to Capital Budgeting 19 users

Capital budgeting used to evaluate capital projects which emphasize on time value of money since the life of these project is greater than a year. Capital budgeting acts as an important tool for making equipment purchase decisions and evaluating new business opportunities based on the potential cash inflows and outflows. There are a lot of different methods of Capital budgeting, which are explained in this tutorial.

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  Quiz for Counsellors on general orientation to Aravind 19 users

Welcome to the exercises! Try answering the questions and click on Submit to check if they are right. Here, you can change your answers as many times as you want. Pay special attention to the feedback given.

IMPORTANT: these EXERCISES are for practice purposes only. They won't be considered in your final grade.

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  Introduction to Paediatric Outreach Services 19 users

Eye care outreach camps focused on children are important tools to combat childhood blindness, since early intervention increases considerably the chances of recovery. This session tackles the problem of childhood blindness in India and how different types of paediatric outreach services are being used to offer eye care to children throughout the country.

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  Corneal Light Reflex (Hirschberg) Test 19 users

Corneal Light Reflex (Hirschberg) Test is a method of estimating the angle of manifest squint. In this test, the pen light is lighted and the corneal light reflections are observed. If deviation presents, the type of deviation and the angle of deviation is measured.

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  Medical Record reading in Inpatient Department (Post Operative) 19 users

Medical Record Reading while examining the post-operative cases helps to check all the information provided in the medical record and update all the information to the doctor† during post-operative examination.

The ophthalmic assistant checks the Surgery notes (vision in surgery eye, date of surgery, type of IOL , complications during the surgery, Fundus pathology).† The main purpose of medical record reading reduces the time for the doctor to check the patient and examine the patient well. The ophthalmic assistant must be efficient enough to check all the information provided in the patient medical record. This session will provide all the information to be taken note by the Inpatient ophthalmic paramedical personnel and how the clinical services will be benefited through this procedure.

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  Low Vision Rehabilitation 18 users

Low vision, a collective term for vision loss that cannot be reversed by glasses, medication, or surgery. This session will provide the knowledge about rehabilitation for low vision patient and the importance and benefits of rehabilitation assistance to low vision patients.

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  Introduction to Visual Acuity 18 users

Visual acuity test is an essential part of an eye examination, particularly if there is a change in vision or a problem with vision. To perform this test the ophthalmic paramedic should know the principles of visual acuity and the charts used.

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  Post-Operative Paediatric Cataract Counselling - A Practical Guide 17 users

After cataract surgery, parents should be informed and oriented on how to care for their child in the best way possible, avoiding post-operative complications. Therefore,counselling before discharging the patient and during follow up visits is essential.

By the end of the session,the participant should be able to:

  • List the steps to be followed by the counsellor during the discharge counselling session for paediatric cataract patients
  • Describe the procedures involved in the follow up visits for paediatric cataract patients
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  Introduction to Paediatric Refractive Errors Counselling 17 users

Refractive errors are the most common eye problems in children. And since there are several stigmas related to wearing glasses, proper counselling to the child's parents is crucial.

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  An Anterior Segment OCT Study 17 users

By the end of this session, you will be able to:

  • Purpose : Novel AS OCT parameters associated with angle closure include anterior chamber area (ACA), anterior chamber volume (ACV), anterior chamber width (ACW), lens vault (LV), iris thickness (IT), iris area (I - area) and iris curvature (I - curve)
  • Aim : To investigate changes in these parameters after laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) in a cohort of primary angle - closure suspects (PACS)
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  Convergence Test 17 users

Convergence test is used to find the ability of the eyes to move and work together. The Near Point of Convergence determines the closest point to the eyes, at which convergence can be maintained. In this test, convergence is measured using Royal air force rule. Convergence is measured objectively and subjectively.

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  Numbering & Filling System of Medical Records 16 users

Medical records in most health care institutions are filed numerically according to patient's medical records numbers. In the past, some hospitals have filed records according to patient's names, discharge numbers, or diagnostic code numbers. Alphabetic filing by patient name is more bulky and subject to more error than numerical filing. Filing by discharge numbers and diagnostic code numbers is generally unsatisfactory because other important records or registers in the facility are concerned exclusively with medical record numbers.

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  Safety & Security of Medical Records 16 users

The hospital organization and its individual employees jointly share the responsibility for the best possible care of the patient. To fulfill this obligation, the hospital and the employees are both charged with certain reciprocal ethical obligations to safeguard confidential information regarding patients and the hospital. The hospital therefore is responsible for providing adequate safety and security to prevent access to patient's medical record by unauthorized persons or protecting the records from nature from the time the record is initiated.

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  Quiz on YAG Laser 16 users

Laser Photocoagulation is a type of eye surgery used to treat a wide variety of eye diseases, most commonly types of retinopathy and macular degeneration. The photocoagulation laser that is most used in ophthalmology is the Nd: YAG laser, which stands for neodymium-doped yttrium-aluminum-garnet, the crystal that is used to generate the YAG laser. The YAG laser allows for ultra-precise and consistent cuts that leave surrounding healthy tissue undamaged. Some modern photocoagulation laser units combine YAG and Green lasers for more versatility during treatments.

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  Journey Towards Quality 16 users
  Care and Maintenance of Batteries in the Ophthalmoscope 15 users

The opthalmoscope is an important tool that depends on electricity from batteries. In this course you will learn how to replace, care for and discard batteries and the specific procedures for rechargeable cells type I & II.

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  Pre-Operative Paediatric Cataract Counselling - A Practical Guide 15 users

Paediatric cataract surgery is a delicate topic for the children's parents. Therefore,in order to guide them to accept the treatment and orient them about the child's condition, surgery procedures and expected outcomes, counselling to the parents is extremely advised.

By the end of the session, the participant should be able to:

  • Identify what the counsellor should do before the paediatric cataract patient and his/her family arrive
  • Explain the procedures to be followed by the counsellor during the first paediatric cataract counselling session
  • Specify how the paediatric counselling room should be set
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  Introduction to Financial Management 15 users

Financial Management comprises of financial planning, budgeting and monitoring of revenues and expenses. It is concerned with acquisition and utilization of funds for short term and long term assets. Financial Management tools assist in making pricing decisions, equipment purchase decisions, profitability analysis, Strategy and Planning decisions.

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  Introduction to Financial Statements & Reporting 15 users

Financial statement is a formal record of the financial activities of a business, person or an entity which contains summarized information of the firms financial position. The two primary financial statements are balance sheet and income statement or profit & loss (P&L) statement. These financial statements are used for reporting internally and externally and are updated on regular basis.

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  Value of IOP Asymmetry in Diagnosing Glaucoma 15 users
  5. Asthma 15 users

Asthma is a chronic disease that affects the lungs and it causes breathing difficulties. Asthma is caused by heredity /environmental factor. This session will provide you knowledge about asthma, its causes, types and treatment options.

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  Royal Air Force (RAF) Rule 15 users

Royal Air force (RAF) rule is a routinely used instrument in ophthalmology and optometry practices. RAF Rule provides a convenient method of measuring convergence and accommodation. The ophthalmic paramedic should know the parts of the instrument and its uses. This session will provide all the basic details required to learn about Royal Air Force (RAF) rule.

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  Duty Hand Over and Take Over 15 users
  Treatment of Failing Blebs 14 users

By the end of this session, you will be able to:

  • To determine the efficacy of a subconjunctival injection of hyaluronic acid (HA) with 5-fluorouracil (5FU) formulation as an adjunct in reviving bleb function by needling
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  Dry Eye - Diagnosis and Management 14 users
  Retinopathy of Prematurity - Introduction 14 users

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a potentially blinding eye disorder that primarily affects premature infants weighing about 1250 grams or less that are born before 31 weeks of gestation (A full - term pregnancy has a gestation of 38 - 42 weeks).The smaller a baby is at birth, the more likely that baby is to develop ROP.This disorder - which usually develops in both eyes - is one of the most common causes of visual loss in childhood and can lead to lifelong vision impairment and blindness.ROP was first diagnosed in 1942.

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  Measuring Central Corneal Thickness using Pachymeter 14 users

Pachymeter is an instrument and it is used to measure central corneal thickness of the eye. This procedure is very much needed for Glaucoma suspected patient and refractive surgery patients. The accuracy of the measurement is very much important. This session will educate the trainee to accurately measure the central corneal thickness in a patient.

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  Care and Maintenance of Keratometer 13 users

A keratometer, also known as a ophthalmometer, is a diagnostic instrument for measuring the curvature of the anterior surface of the cornea, particularly for assessing the extent and axis of astigmatism. The values determined by the keratometer are called keratometric values and enable eye care professionals to determine the presence and degree of astigmatism. The Keratometer has both an optical and a mechanical system, and you will learn the parts and functions and maintenance procedures of each.

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  Paediatric Refractive Error Counselling - A Practical guide 13 users

This session shows a practical example of paediatric refractive error counselling session, focusing on recommended procedures.By the end of this session, the participant should be able to:

  • List what should be said to the parents in the first counselling sessions
  • Indicate how to involve the teacher in the child's treatment
  • Describe the recommended procedures for the follow up visits
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  Introduction to Cost Concepts & Breakeven Analysis 13 users

This tutorial introduces economics concepts of total cost, fixed cost, and variable cost. The relationship of cost, volume and profit is essential in financial management and is used to calculate breakeven point. Breakeven analysis helps in making pricing decisions, new business decisions and strategic planning.

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  Need & Benefits of Medical Records 13 users

The main purpose of this session is to enable the medical records assistant to understand the history of the development of medical records and also the importance and values of medical records. Medical record is an important tool for measuring the quality of medical care rendered by the hospital and its medical staff. It provides communication between the physician and other health care professionals. It serves as a basis for planning individual patient care. The record becomes the documentary evidence on the course of patient's illness and treatment.Keeping medical records will reduce patient's waiting time.

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  Care and Maintenanceof Indirect Ophthalmoscopes 13 users

INDIRECT OPHTHALMOSCOPE:

This is an instrument used in diagnosis for looking at the retina and also to deliver laser pulses to the eye when such therapy is needed. The course begins by describing the differences between the Indirect and the Direct Opthalmoscope, and then focuses on the Indirect Opthalmoscope. You will learn its parts together with useful information for technicians who handle it and its users. Trouble-shooting suggestions are made for problems commonly met.

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  Assisting for Bridle Suture 13 users
  Pterygium - Diagnosis and Management 13 users

A wing shaped growth on the bulbar conjunctiva region which may hinder the vision in a person is pterygium.† A fleshy growth on the white part of the eye. This condition even after surgery might be recurrent. The ophthalmic assistant can learn about this disease, signs and symptoms and underlying causes of this disease in this session.

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  Cleaning the Streak Retinoscope 12 users

Retinoscopy (Ret) is a technique to obtain an objective measurement of the refractive condition of a patient's eyes. The examiner uses a retinoscope to shine light into the patient eye and observes the reflection (reflex) of the patient retina. While moving the streak or spot of light across the pupil, the examiner observes the relative movement of the reflex then uses a phoropter or manually places lenses over the eye (using a trial frame and trial lenses) to neutralize the reflex.

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  Introduction to Electricity 12 users

Electricity is a general term encompassing a variety of phenomena resulting from the presence and flow of electric charge. These include many easily recognizable phenomena, such as lightning, static electricity, and the flow of electrical current in an electrical wire. In addition, electricity encompasses less familiar concepts such as the electromagnetic field and electromagnetic induction. We all use electricity and tend to take it for granted.This course teaches you what you need to know to use it safely, and also proposes solutions for problems commonly met in using electricity.

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  Phacoemulsification Vs Phacotrabeculectomy 12 users

By the end of this session, you would be able to:

  • To compare the complications of phacoemulsification alone Vs combined phacotrabeculectomy in chronic angle-closure glaucoma (CACG) with coexisting cataract
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  Orientation to Housekeeping Management 12 users
  Cleanliness & Hygienecity 12 users
  Tools & Equipments used in Housekeeping Management 12 users
  Cleaning Management 12 users
  Room Preparation 12 users
  Planning & Maintenance 12 users
  Linen Management 12 users
  Waste Management 12 users
  Pest Control 12 users
  Safety and Security 12 users
  Event Management 12 users
  Ambience Decoration 12 users
  General Sessions 12 users
  General Topics 11 users
  iStent - Open Angle Glaucoma & Cataract 11 users

By the end of this session, you would be able to:

  • To evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of combined cataract surgery and Glaukos iStent implantation for coexistent open-angle glaucoma and cataract
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  Visual Field Changes Vs Contrast Sensitivity 11 users

By the end of this session, you will be able to:

  • To correlate visual field changes and contrast sensitivity in patients with glaucoma with varying degree of severity
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  Orientation to Reading Medical Records 10 users

Medical Record reading is a routine task in each and every department of a hospital. But minor or major errors occur due to ignorance of reading the patient information in the Medical Record. Even a minute information like drug allergy if ignored will cause major life issues in a patient. This session will be a base for a trainee to understand the importance of Medical Record, purpose of reading the patient information, method of reading a medical record and thereby guiding or treating the patient for a successful recovery.

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  Anatomy, Physiology, Pharmacology and Refraction 10 users
  Anatomy, Physiology, Pharmacology & Refraction 10 users
  Introduction to Sterilization 10 users

Sterilization in hospitals is one of the most important processes to prevent hospital acquired infections. There are different types of sterilization procedures followed in Outpatient, Inpatient and Operation Theatre.† This lesson will deal with the purpose of sterilization and different methods of sterilization.

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  Quiz on Refractive Surgeries 9 users

Welcome to the exercises! Try answering the questions and click on Submit to check if they are right. Here, you can change your answers as many times as you want. Pay special attention to the feedback given.

IMPORTANT: these EXERCISES are for practice purposes only. They won't be considered in your final grade. Candidates have to wait 1 hour to do the second attempt.

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  Role of Counsellors in Clinic 9 users
  Organic Angle Closure 9 users

By the end of this session, you would be able to:

  • To investigate the long-term clinical course of eyes with primary angle closure (PAC) after laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI), and to determine whether there is a significant correlation between the extent of a pre-existing peripheral anterior synechiae (PAS) and the intraocular pressure (IOP)
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  Introduction to Ratio Analysis 8 users

Ratios are used as an important tool to analyse financial performance and act as indicators of strengths and weakness on an organisation. With the help of ratios one can compare organisations performance with the industry leaders and make strategic decisions and set goals. There are many different kinds of ratios which can be used to create an performance metrics to monitor performance in regular basis.

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  Quiz on Non-Contact Tonometer 8 users

Non-contact tonometry (or air-puff tonometry) uses a rapid air pulse to applanate(flatten) the cornea. Corneal applanation is detected via an electro-optical system. Intraocular pressure is estimated by detecting the force of the air jet at the instance of applanation. Non-contact tonometers were not considered to be an accurate way to measure IOP but instead a fast and simple way to screen for high IOP. In this session we will talk about its features, principle and maintenance procedures.

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  Pre Operative Counselling in Free & Camp Hospitals 8 users
  September Online Test 8 users
  Lensometer (Manual) 8 users
  Quiz on Lensometer/Lensmeter 7 users

A lensometer measures vergence and prism power amongst other aspects of a lens. If a patient presents a pair of spectacles to you and does not know the Rx of the lenses, a lensometer will enable you to determine the sphere, cylinder, axis, and prism present in each lens. A lensometer, also called a focimeter, is a device for determining the refractive strength of lenses. Opticians and optometrists use lensometers to find the exact prescription of a pair of glasses or contacts and to correctly mount lenses into frames.

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  Role of Counsellors in Camp 7 users
  Professional Ethics 7 users
  Introductory Sessions 7 users
  Refraction Instruments & Maintenance 7 users
  Optics 7 users
  Refractive State of the Eye 7 users
  Vision Test 7 users
  Ocular Motility & Strabismus 7 users
  Clinical Refraction Procedures 7 users
  Optical Dispensing 7 users
  Contact Lens 7 users
  Low Vision 7 users
  Retinitis Pigmentosa 7 users

There are many forms of vision loss. Some of the vision loss like refractive errors can be regained using spectacles but some of the vision loss cannot be regained even if treated. One such vision loss is Retinitis pigmentosa. This lesson will provide the cause, sign and symptoms of vision loss.

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  Diseases and Disorders of Eyelids 7 users

Eyelids are movable curtains in front of the eyes. They protect the eyes from strong wind and injurious agents. This session is about the abnormalities of the eyelids and few diseases that could affect the eyelids. It will also deal with the causes and few treatment options. It is essential for ophthalmic assistant to identify the disease condition.

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  Uveitis - Basics 7 users
Uvea is the middle layer of the eye between the retina and sclera. Uveitis is inflammation of the uvea. Uveitis may develop suddenly with eye redness and pain, or with a painless blurring of your vision. An ophthalmic assistant should be able to identify the types of uveitis, their signs and symptoms and the treatment options to counsel the patient accordingly.
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  Replacement of bulbs in different instruments and equipments 6 users

Without proper light, the best optical instruments in the world can not do the work they were designed to do. This course teaches basic procedures as well as necessary cautions.

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  Intoduction to Hopital Infection Control 6 users
  Needle Stick Injury 6 users
  Diseases and Disorders of Uvea 6 users

The uvea is the pigmented middle layer of the eyeball. It has three segments: the iris, the ciliary body and the choroid. Some uvea problems are genetic, while others are age-related conditions or are associated with other health problems.† An ophthalmic assistant should know the types of uveal diseases, their signs and symptoms and the treatment options to counsel the patient accordingly.

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  Quiz on ORBSCAN 5 users

The Orbscan is a very special test that helps the doctors at ICON determine if you are a candidate for LASIK. It is the only test that can show us the shape of the posterior surface of your cornea. The Orbscan also gives us your corneal thickness measurement of your cornea. Since LASIK changes the shape of your cornea by removing tissue we do not want to make your cornea too thin. The average cornea is 515 microns thick. Our rule is to not make your corneas total thickness no thinner than 400 microns, or less than 250 microns under the flap. This is best measured with the Orbscan. It is a quick and painless diagnostic test.

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  Bio Medical Waste Management 5 users
  Assisting for Subtenon Block 5 users

In sub-Tenonís block, local anaesthetic agent is injected under the Tenonís capsule. This block is also known as parabulbar block. Most of the patients undergoing cataract / Glaucoma surgery are mostly elderly and children. So the paramedic / ophthalmologist should be very compassionate and careful while administering or assisting for sub tenon block procedure. This session will provide the purpose, patient preparation, and method of administering the block in simple language and informative slides.

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  Irrigation of the eye 5 users

Irrigation is the process of washing out an organ or wound with a continuous flow of water or medication. In eye care , irrigation procedure is used to clean the eye using saline water to remove the foreign particles, ocular discharges, harmful chemicals from the eye .This lesson will provide the method of irrigating the eye.

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  Anatomy, Physiology and Pharmacology 5 users
  Retinopathy of Prematurity 5 users

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a blinding eye disorder that primarily affects premature infants weighing below 2kg or born before 30 weeks of gestation.† This lesson helps the ophthalmic assistants to define the condition of Retinopathy of prematurity.

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  Diseases and Disorders of Conjunctiva 5 users

The conjunctiva is a mucous membrane that protects the soft tissues of the eyelid and orbit, which allows extensive movement of the eye.† This session focuses on the conjunctival diseases, causes, signs, symptoms and available treatment options.

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  Quiz on Operating Microscope 4 users

It is an instrument which helps in microsurgery of the eye and magnifying the image of the eye.The main features of this surgical microscope are the full motorization of the controls and the zoom magnification. The motors are controlled by the foot and also by the hand. It also features a tiltable main head that the surgeon can rotate to any convenient angle.

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  Outcomes of Trabeculectomy 4 users

By the end of this session, you will be able to:

  • To compare the outcomes of Trabeculectomy after Descemet Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty (DSAEK) to Penetrating Keratoplasty (PK)
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  Human Resource Policies 4 users
  Spillage Management 4 users
  Diseases and Disorders of Lens 4 users
  Quiz on Fundus/Retinal Camera 3 users

A fundus camera or retinal camera is a specialized low power microscope with an attached camera designed to photograph the interior surface of the eye, including the retina, optic disc, macula, and posterior pole (i.e. the fundus). Fundus cameras are used by optometrists, ophthalmologists, and trained medical professionals for monitoring progression of a disease, diagnosis of a disease (combined with retinal angiography), or in screening programs, where the photos can be analysed later.

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  Quiz on Optical Coherence Tomography Instrument 3 users

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an optical signal acquisition and processing method. It captures micrometer-resolution, three-dimensional images from within optical scattering media. Optical coherence tomography is an interferometric technique, typically employing near-infrared light. The use of relatively long wavelength light allows it to penetrate into the scattering medium. Optical coherence tomography is one of a class of optical tomographic techniques. A relatively recent implementation of optical coherence tomography, frequency-domain optical coherence tomography, provides advantages in signal-to-noise ratio, permitting faster signal acquisition. It is mainly used to detect the macular pathology of the retina. For example, macular degenaration, macular hole and CSR (central serous retinopathy) can be detected.In this session, we will discuss about features, parts and safety procedures.

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  Risk factors for Hypotony 3 users

By the end of this session, you will be able to:

  • To evaluate the risk factors associated with hypotony after transscleral diode cyclophotocoagulation (TCP) in East Asian patients with intractable glaucoma
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  Infant Aphakia Treatment Study 3 users

By the end of this session, you will be able to:

  • To compare the use of primary IOL implantation to surgery without IOL implantation in infants with a unilateral congenital cataract removed between 1 and 6months of age. In this study we report the development of glaucoma-related adverse events in IATS patients through 1year of follow-up
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  Assisting for Slit Lamp Examination 3 users
  Quiz on Sharpening of Surgical Instruments 2 users

Ophthalmic microsurgical instruments are delicate and need special care. In developing countries, where instruments are usually difficult to replace, maintenance and repair are even more important. Train staff at eye clinics in the maintenance and repair of surgical instruments. The importance of regular maintenance should be stressed as this will often prevent the development of defects in equipment or instruments. A record of maintenance and of items repaired should be kept. This is particularly appropriate for larger items of equipment and for example surgical cataract sets.

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  Quiz maker 2 users

Not for Students

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  Outcomes of Primary Trabe for Primary Glaucomas 2 users

By the end of this session, you will be able to:

  • To study the outcomes of first time glaucoma flitering surgery (Trabeculectomy) in patients with primary glaucomas inclusing pseudoexfoliative glaucoma.
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  Hand Washing Technique 2 users
  Orientation to Septic and Aseptic Techniques in Clinical Areas 2 users

Septic and Aseptic procedures are important and necessary in any hospital. This session will orient the trainees about what is septic and aseptic, Need for aseptic techniques, handling septic patients in each department, dress code and linens used in all clinical areas.

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  Quiz on Electro Retinogram 1 users

ERG stands for "Electroretinogram". The ERG is the massed electrical response of the retina to brief flashes of light. It is used in the diagnosis of retinal diseases. The ERG is recorded using a small contact lens electrode that rests on the front surface of the eye. It doesn't hurt. There's a series of electrodes in different sizes that can be used for very young infants up to adults. The retinal is a collection of rod, cone, and neural cells which make electrical signals which transmit visual information to the brain. By measuring the changes in those signals, it is possible to determine how well the different cells in the retina are working. It is an eye test used to detect abnormal function of the retina and is used to measure the electrical response of the entire retina to light. This session talks about its features, components and tips for users.

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  Relationship between Corneal Hysteresis & Magnitude 1 users

By the end of this session, you would be able to:

  • To evaluate corneal hysteresis (CH) and intraocular pressure before and after IOP lowering with prostaglandin analogue (PGA) therapy in medication naive eyes
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  Corneal Status - History of Acute Attack 1 users

By the end of this session, you will be able to:

  • Corneal status in primary angle - closure glaucoma with a history of acute attack.
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  Ex-Press Shunt Implant Vs Trabeculectomy 1 users

By the end of this session, you will be able to:

  • To compare outcomes between resident - performed trabeculectomy and Ex-Press Shunt implantation
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  Ologen Collagen Matrix Implants 1 users

By the end of this session, you will be able to:

  • To analyse blebs of phacotrabeculectomies performed with Ologen collagen implants (ProTop & MediKing, Taipei, Taiwan) and to compare these with blebs of mitomycin C (MMC) augmented phacotrabeculectomies.
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  Optics & Refraction - ReExam 1 users